Steps in Research:

1. Problem identification & Hypothesis formulation.
2. Literature review / Library search / Content analysis.
3. Defining the objectives of the study / Research
4. Identifying the variables / attributes / Indicators
5. Giving operational definitions to some of the important variables
6. Identifying sources of data
7. Choosing an appropriate sample design
8. Development of data collection instruments.
9. Conducting field survey
10. Processing of data
11. Analytical framework
12. Preparation of report and presentation of the findings.


Problem identification

TOR           Terms of reference
RFP            Request for proposal.

•  Problems are identified based on the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats encountered in the process of conducting day-to-day operation of the business.
•  Problems are identified by the higher authority or management and researcher is being asked to conduct the research.
•  Problems are identified by other agencies/organizations and research is asked to conduct the research following the objectives and scope of work as mentioned in the terms of reference.


Hypothesis Formulation

At this stage by Ho we mean the assumption of the researcher about the characteristics of the phenomenon under study.


Objectives of the study

1.  To assess whether the project is in the right track
2.  To indicate the socio economic profile of the target groups / beneficiaries.
3.  To estimate the extent of coverage of the project.
4.  To measure the level of changes in the skill of the target beneficiaries.
5.  To analyse the size of credit disbursed.
6.  To estimate the changes in the income level of the target beneficiaries due to the credit / project.
7.  To assess the impact of the project on the KAP (Knowledge Attitude Practice).


Socio-economic

Income, material status, family size, age, ownership, sex ++